The following article was written by John Kelly, the leader of the disability rights group Second Thoughts and published in the Providence Journal on October 31 under the title: Why to vote no on Mass Question 2.
By John B. Kelly
Progressive social-justice advocates from the disability-rights community ask voters to look deeper into Massachusetts Ballot Question 2, which would permit doctors to assist in suicide, and the real threats that it poses.
Because Question 2 would establish a social policy under which certain deaths would be seen as beneficial, we must closely examine the social ramifications of passage.
Voters should be aware that people already have the well-established right to refuse any treatment, and to receive effective comfort care. But Question backers want Massachusetts to pass an Oregon-style assisted-suicide law, complete with flaws and loopholes.
Question 2 advocates say that it is all about "choice," but in reality Question 2 would limit choice, because it incentivizes insurers to restrict, or even deny, coverage. In today's cost-cutting environment, where health-care options are limited, many people already struggle with this. Question 2 would make this even worse.
We know about such Oregon resident as Barbara Wagner and Randy Stroup, who were denied chemotherapy by the state's Medicaid program but offered assisted suicide as "treatment." With all the talk of austerity and high medical costs incurred in the last year of life, it is inevitable that the cheap alternative of assisted suicide ($100) will distort future treatment decisions.
No alleged safeguard can protect patients from deciding to die based on a wrong prognosis or diagnosis. Doctors admit that they cannot predict when someone will die.
Many of us know people who have outlived their diagnoses by years. Jeanette Hall detailed her Oregon experience in a letter published in The Boston Globe. She had supported the Oregon law. After receiving a terminal diagnosis, she sought a suicide prescription. That was more than 11 years ago! Today she is "so happy to be alive" and urges Massachusetts not to make the same mistake as did Oregon.
Under the law proposed in Question 2, an heir can be one of the witnesses at the request for assisted suicide; and no doctor is required to be present when the overdose is taken. This is a prescription for elder abuse.
Question 2 has no requirement for psychological screening to eliminate the possibility that a patient is acting out of depression or dementia. Oregon's statistics for the last four years show that only 2 percent of patients were referred for a psychological evaluation or counseling. Experts agree that most doctors are not capable of identifying such psychological problems. Oregonian Michael Freeland, despite a 43-year history of severe depression, suicide attempts and paranoia, got a lethal prescription without a psychiatric consultation. The prescribing doctor said he didn't think that a consult was "necessary."
We urge Massachusetts voters to consider all the flaws in Question 2. There will be abuses. Seniors and people with disabilities will be endangered. We urge you, have "second thoughts," and vote no on Question 2.
John B. Kelly is director of Second Thoughts (www.Second-Thoughts.org), an organization of people with disabilities opposing legalization of assisted suicide .